reference (Total 42718 Patents Found)

A method and device is disclosed wherein a subject is excited by electromagnetic radiation in a locally limited range to emit radiation that is not coherent with the exciting radiation. The radiation of atoms lying close to one another on the surface of the subject is not correlated, i.e., the excited point of light ra...
The circuit derives Vbep, the base-emitter voltage of a saturated PNP transistor, from the PNP portion of a four-layer (PNPN) silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR) so as to exactly match the characteristics of the PNP portion of an SCR against which the reference voltage is to be compared. The operating point of the SCR i...
An optical plummet azimuth reference assembly having a rigid, horizontal support containing a centerline inscribed therein and a pair of upstanding elements mounted on the support located at each end of the centerline. Each upstanding element has a vertical reticle co-planar with the centerline and a horizontal reticle...
A device for generating electric signals representing the position coordinates of a stylus on a reference surface, characterized in that it comprises a signal generator (6) that is fixed with respect to the reference surface and comprising a movable part (5) which works in conjunction with at least two potentiometers g...
The description relates to a process for determining the position of a positioning body in relation to a reference body in which the positioning body has a scale with markings at constant distances and the reference body has a scanner with a projection surface on which the markings of the scale are projected by imaging...
A memory devices having NAND type cells as storage elements is disclosed. The amplifier prevents the error from occurring and improves the sensing speed by getting the column line and the reference line approximately the same current level for a while, after the equalizing signal was just turned into row level, in orde...
A reference electrode utilizes a small thin, flat membrane of a highly conductive glass placed on a small diameter insulator tube having a reference material inside in contact with an internal voltage lead. When the sensor is placed in a non-aqueous ionic electrolytic solution, the concentration difference across the g...
A magnetic memory device includes first and second ferromagnetic layers. Each ferromagnetic layer has a magnetization that can be oriented in either of two directions. The first ferromagnetic layer has a higher coercivity than the second ferromagnetic layer. The magnetic memory device further includes a structure for f...
A feedback generator of a reference current may include a differential amplifier having a first input for a reference voltage, and a second input for a feedback voltage and generating an output voltage. The feedback generator may also include a first conduction path including a feedback resistor with the feedback volta...
A voltage generating circuit for a semiconductor memory apparatus according includes a data logic voltage generating unit that, when a data output unit outside a semiconductor memory apparatus outputs low-level data, generates an internal data logic voltage at the same potential level as the low-level data in response ...
CW lock is conducted with less manual operation. A first input 22 receives a black burst (BB) signal from a key TV station. A second input 30 receives a continuous wave (CW) signal having an accurate, known frequency. A phase adjust signal generator 24 generates a reset signal having a known phase relationship wi...
An automatic test system configured for generating a periodic signal of a programmable frequency. The automatic test system may comprise a clock, an edge generator coupled to the clock, a phase locked loop, and a delay adjustment circuit. The edge generator may comprise an edge generator output, an enable input and a d...
In a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging method and apparatus, multiple diagnostic scans are obtained of an examination subject during an imaging session. An initial reference scan of the subject is obtained at the beginning of the session and, as the session proceeds, an automatic determination is made before each diagnos...
An integrated circuit device includes a transmitter circuit including an output driver. The integrated circuit device includes a first register to store a value representative of a drive strength setting associated with the transmitter circuit such that the output driver outputs data in accordance with the drive streng...
An apparatus for coding an image is provided to effectively code the image. The apparatus for coding the image includes an input image segmentation unit to segment an input image into a plurality of image blocks including a first image block and a second image block. The apparatus also includes a waveform information g...
Methods and apparatuses for computing a variance for the difference between two business metrics. In one embodiment, the method accesses a response model and a plurality of activities with start and end values for each of the plurality of activities. Furthermore, the method computes a variance for the difference betwee...
Embodiments for providing demodulation reference signals to provide side information for interference cancellation are generally described herein. In some embodiments, a sub-frame is prepared comprising two slots and configuring a physical resource block (PRB) for each slot, wherein each PRB comprises twelve Orthogonal...
The invention relates to a rubber mixture, in particular for vehicle air-inflated tires, seat belts, belts and hoses. The rubber mixture is characterized by the following composition: at least one polar or non-polar rubber and at least one bright and/or dark filler and at least one softener, wherein the softener...
The present invention relates to a method for transmitting a data demodulation reference signal in a radio mobile communication system. The method comprises: a step for generating a sub-frame including the data demodulation reference signal, and a step for transmitting the generated sub-frame. The 1st and 2nd demodulat...
A method for transmitting a plurality of sequences across a plurality of bands of a wireless spectrum is described in which a first sequence Is produced using a set of reference signal sequences, wherein the set of reference signal sequences comprises at least CAZAC sequences and near-CAZAC sequences. A second sequence...
A device projecting a reference line, wherein at least one part of the reference path may be detected upon passing through by the human eye and/or detectors as a reference line. In conjunction with passing through the reference path, a distance measurement occurs to at least one point on the reference path by transmitt...
Methods managing data communication between a peripheral device and host computer system are provided. A physical interface for communicating data between a peripheral device and the plurality of applications executing on the host computer system is opened and controlled by a software module. A first virtual interface ...
Embodiments are included for methods, systems, and computer program products in which evaluating operations using an electronic computing device are presented including: receiving the operation on a first database partition in a shared nothing parallelism system, where the operation is non-collocated, reference based o...
A system and methodology is provided for proper reading of multi-bit memory cells (10) in a memory device. A first reference cell (70) and a second reference cell (72) are employed to determine an average dynamic reference value. The average dynamic reference value is determined by reading a programmed bit of the refer...
La présente invention concerne des techniques permettant de générer un signal de référence fondé sur des données pilote multiplexées par répartition dans le temps. Un signal modulé est reçu (fig. 7) et traité de façon à fournir des échantillons reçus, qui sont ensuite à nouveau traités de façon à fo...
An apparatus is disclosed to rotate a gear shaft about a reference axis and to position rolling path support elements such that their centers coincide with a reference axis. Once the rolling path elements have been centered and adjusted to compensate for any offset or warp they are fixedly attached to the gear shaft an...
A method for classifying an input feature vector representing an unknown pattern as belonging to one of a set of pre-defined pattern classes, wherein the input feature vector is compared with pre-constructed regions. A hierarchy of possibility regions is used to exclude a pattern class from consideration. Certainty reg...
The reference circuit includes a current mirror for providing first and second current paths for the conduction of respective first and second currents. The current mirror imposes a current level relationship between the first and second currents. A load, preferably resistive, is provided in the first current path for ...
For use in combination with a demodulator (23) for demodulating a received signal susceptible to fading into a demodulated signal, an adaptive equalizer comprises a fading detecting circuit (51) for detecting the received signal to produce a detection signal representative of a magnitude of the fading. Into a processed...
A transmission system for sub-networks having different transmission protocols. Control codes which are assigned to a message in a source sub-network are converted at the transition with a first intermediate sub-network, into reference codes which are compatible with a reference protocol ("meta protocol"). Subs...
Some embodiments relate to a two transistor band gap reference circuit. A first transistor includes a first source, a first drain, a first body region separating the first source from the first drain, and a first gate. The first drain and first gate are coupled to a DC supply terminal. The second transistor includes a ...
In the present invention, disclosed is a method for a base station transmitting a downlink control channel to a user equipment in a wireless communication system. More particularly, the method comprises the steps of: establishing resource element subsets comprising a plurality of resource elements; allocating a transmi...